• The UK has 17 reactors normally generating about 19% of its electricity and all but one of these will be retired by 2023
• The country has full fuel cycle facilities including major reprocessing plants
• The UK has implemented a very thorough assessment process for new reactor designs
• The first of some 19 GWe of new-generation plants are expected to be on line about 2018
In the late 1990s, nuclear power plants contributed around 25% of total annual electricity generation in the UK, but this has gradually declined as old plants have been shut down and ageing-related problems affect plant availability.
In 2011, 365 billion kWh (TWh) of electricity was produced in UK. This comprised 69 TWh (19%) nuclear, 145 TWh (40%) from gas, 109 TWh (30%) from coal, 15.5 TWh (4.2%) from wind, 8.6 TWh hydro and 14.9 TWh from biofuels and wastes.
Currently, there are 16 operating reactors in the UK totalling 10 GWe capacity. The last operating Magnox reactor – Wylfa 1 – is due to shut down when its fuel runs out, in September 2014. This will leave seven twin-unit AGR stations and one PWR, all owned and operated by Electricite de France (EdF) subsidiary EdF Energy. Source: World Nuclear Org