France struggles to cut down on nuclear power
If fully implemented, the pledge would force the closure of up to 20 of the country’s 58 reactors according to Professor Laurence Tubiana a former government adviser who the president asked to facilitate a national debate, paving the way for what they call le transition energetique.
This would be a huge step, but Tubiana describes it as a “logical evolution”.
France realised that Japan had survived economically when all its atomic power stations were shut down because of its diverse energy mix. In Japan, before the disaster, nuclear power delivered about 30% of the country’s electricity, but France is hugely dependent not only on nuclear, but on a single generation of nuclear power stations.
It is vulnerable to a “generic risk”, according to Tubiana, where a problem with one reactor could force them all offline for the fault to be fixed. This would cause chaos.
She says the 20 reactors closed in the “transition” could be replaced by renewable energy, which she says would maintain French energy independence and be both “stable and secure”.
So far, however, the government has only earmarked one power station for closure – the ageing plant at Fessenheim on the German border – which prompts some to question the government’s commitment to Hollande’s promise.
There is evidently reluctance in cabinet. Industry Minister Arnaud Montebourg is on record as saying that Fessenheim will be the only nuclear power station to close.
On a visit to China in December he reassured his audience that nuclear energy was a “sector of the future” and would continue to contribute “at least 50%” of France’s electricity output.
Another member of Hollande’s Socialist Party, the MP Christian Bataille, says the plan to curb nuclear was hatched as a way of securing the backing of his Green coalition partners in parliament.
He describes nuclear power as the country’s “only national energy source”.
French nuclear industry
- Supplies 75% of electricity
- Exports both electricity and nuclear technology
- Building its first Generation III reactor
- Country has 58 nuclear reactors operated by Electricite de France (EdF)
“We no longer have coal, we never had much petrol and we don’t have any gas. Nuclear energy contributes to our independence,” Bataille says.
“People only reject it if they’re subjected to scaremongering campaigns.”
French nuclear power was the ultimate “grand project” forged in the 1970s and designed to make France as energy-independent as possible. Its reactors have been churning out low-carbon energy at some of the lowest prices in Europe for decades – helping, supporters say, to make French industry competitive.
At a fashionable Parisian street market I spoke to a number of shoppers, with differing views on nuclear power.
“People need energy, and nuclear is necessary to live,” one smartly dressed woman told me. But others had been unsettled by Fukushima and were concerned about both safety and nuclear waste. “It is very useful but it is very dangerous,” said one elderly man. He would prefer renewable energy, he said, but recognised it would take time to switch.
Meanwhile, the economics of nuclear power are changing too.
The safety upgrades forced by Fukushima will cost about 10bn euros (£8bn) and maintenance costs are expected to rise sharply as the nuclear plants age. By the end of 2022, more than one in three French reactors will have been in operation for 40 years or more.
The state-owned utility EDF plans to extend the lives of reactors from 40 to 60 years, but that will cost money too.
- The economy is being re-engineered to cope with the closing of all its nuclear power stations and the ramping up of wind and solar power
- The government provides generous incentives to companies or people who built wind-turbines or installed solar panels
- More than half of all the solar-panels in the world are in Germany
It’s one reason why the golden age of low-priced electricity in France is over, according to Prof Patrice Geoffron of Paris Dauphine University.
“All the drivers of the electricity price will go up in the future,” he says. “If you hear what is said by the regulator of energy we will be obliged to increase the price by 30% by 2020.”
Independent energy analyst Mycle Schneider says that in this environment, the most expensive renewable energy sources could become more competitive than nuclear in less than five years – which is “tomorrow morning in energy policy,” he says.
Cecile Maisonneuve, a former board member of the state-owned reactor and fuel manufacturer Areva who now heads the energy division of IFRI, a think tank, describes the government’s plan for the transition as “too fast and for the moment… not credible”.
France would fall back on gas, or even coal, she says, with a consequent rise in CO2 emissions. She says Germany has seen a small increase in the use of coal during its transition – though German experts say that is because gas cannot compete with coal on price, and the European Union’s Emissions Trading System is to blame.
Professor Tubiana says by concentrating on nuclear power France has slipped behind on rival technologies like wind, solar and biomass and it must now take steps to catch up quickly.
“We were very good 20 years ago with solar concentration,” she says. “We are now nowhere. We concentrated all our efforts on one side.”
If France does not create a market for renewable energy it will never be competitive in the sector, she says – while its nuclear industry could still be powerful even in 2050, even under the Hollande plan.
If 50% of electricity continues to be generated by nuclear, that is still an “enormous” figure, she says.
Even if President Hollande’s plan for the transition stalls, it seems clear at least that there will be no further expansion of nuclear in France.
EDF is planning to build two new nuclear reactors at Hinkley in western England with Chinese help, but at Flamanville in Normandy a new reactor of the same EPR design is behind schedule and massively over budget. A second envisaged EPR reactor in France has been shelved indefinitely – and no other new nuclear power stations are planned.
Source: BBC News
Statoil makes third oil discovery offshore Canada
The Norwegian firm said it is assessing the discovery on the Bay du Nord field – located around 500 kilometres northeast of St. John’s on Canada’s East Coast – and “developing a greater understanding” of the geology and potential of the basin.
Its previous find was in June at the Harpoon prospect, which is located 10 kilometres from Bay du Nord. Prior to that, the firm made a discovery at the nearby Mizzen field in 2009, with officials estimating it could hold between 100-200 million barrels of recoverable oil.
Read the full article here http://www.energylivenews.com/2013/08/28/statoil-makes-third-oil-discovery-offshore-canada/
Source: Energy Live News
- Different sectors in energy industry must collaborate
- Technical Engineer, Cadarache, France
- Bradwell-on-Sea identified as potential site to dump radioactive waste
Severn Trent receives takeover approach
The investors include a Canadian infrastructure company and the Kuwaiti government investment fund.
Severn Trent confirmed it had received an approach, but said it was “at a very early stage” and there was no certainty that an offer would be made.
The company’s shares jumped more than 17% in the first few minutes of trading on the London Stock Exchange.
Severn Trent was formed following the privatisation of UK water authorities in 1989. It now supplies water to about 7.7 million people.
The consortium of potential bidders consists of Canada’s Borealis Infrastructure, the Kuwait Investment Office, and Universities Superannuation Scheme – a UK pension fund.
The Kuwait Investment Office is the UK branch of the Kuwait Investment Authority, which manages funds on behalf of the Kuwaiti state.
Severn Trent said the consortium had not made a takeover proposal yet. “There can be no certainty that an offer will be made or as to the terms of any such offer, should one be forthcoming,” it said.
A report carried by the Dow Jones-owned newspaper Financial News suggested a bid could be worth £5.3bn ($8.1bn).
Source: BBC News
- Scotland’s oil and gas sales reach ‘record levels’
- EDF Energy shuts nuclear reactor in Lancashire
- First selection of Atmea1 nuclear reactor
Plans whoosh on for commercial liquid air energy plant
Plans are whooshing onwards for a new commercial scale power plant which uses air to make electricity.
National Grid, engineers at Costain and energy technology firm Highview Power Storage have teamed up to submit a feasibility study of the proposed liquid air energy storage plant as part of DECC’s energy storage demonstration competition.
Building at the power plant will begin in the summer if it gets final consent. The grid scale plant will have an output of 6MW with enough space to store around five hours of operation (30MWhs), making it the largest demonstration of new energy storage technology in the UK.
Highview has already run a successful pilot scheme proving surplus electricity can be used to liquefy air, store it until needed and warm it to generate electricity.
Source: Energy Live News
3rd May 2013